Questions Evolutionists need to Answer
These are a couple of questions from many that arise from my own interest in biology. There are plenty more in other fields of endeavour - cosmology, geology etc. For a longer list of questions, and rebuttals of answers by evolutionists, go to 15 Questions for Evolutionists.
Where did the first cell come from?
Evolutionary theory depends on having self reproducing organisms. These need to pass on their DNA, along with any modifications, to their offspring.
These organisms need to be able to go into their environment and find and process raw materials to both feed themselves and to use them to construct offspring. This is an extremely complex beast - far beyond the capabilities of man's current technology. When was the last time you saw, e.g. a photo-copier, go into the forest and cut down a tree and convert it into paper when it's hopper was empty? But this is simple! To match a single cell, on top of this, it needs to be able to source iron ore and convert it to steel, oil and convert it to plastic, beach sand and convert it to silicon semiconductors and so on, and then assemble it all into a new photo-copier! This is equivalent to what single cell organisms do.
Scientists are making preliminary attempts to replicate some of the functionality of a single cell, but it is proving extremely difficult!1
So, where did this first cell come from?
How did Sexual Reproduction Start?
When you start to think about the steps required for this to happen, one's head starts to spin. I know it is the top of the food chain, but when you think about human sexual reproduction, which is the one we are most familiar with, the steps involved are mind blowing. To pick a few major points out in the process:
And all this is without asking the question of how a baby (a complex multi-cellular organism), could possibly evolve anyway!
- A man and a woman need to be sufficiently attracted to each other to want to start the process.
- The man needs to have to have produced sperm. Note that this uses different cell reproduction (meiosis) than the standard type (mitosis). This sperm has to have the right half of its DNA, to match the half of the DNA present in the egg.
- The woman needs to have produced an egg (meiosis again), with the other half of the DNA.
- The man needs to have some way of placing the sperm into the woman in the vicinity of the egg.
- The sperm needs to be able to move itself to the egg and then place its DNA inside the egg.
- The egg needs to be willing to receive this foreign DNA.
- The fertilised egg needs to then use the combined supply of DNA to start reproducing itself.
- The woman needs to have a system of supplying the developing baby with nutrients and the baby to receive them.
- The woman needs to have a system in place for it not to reject the baby, as it is a foreign body.
- At exactly the right time, the developed baby needs to be expelled from the woman.
- The baby needs to be immediately able to breath air and use nutrients supplied by mouth, having up till now, obtained both of these via the blood stream through the umbilical cord.
- The mother has to have the right milk at the right time to feed the baby and the desire to do so.
- The baby needs to have the desire and ability to suckle and to process the milk.
How did Photosynthesis Start?
Man has been unable, so far, to reproduce this amazing technology - to convert sunlight into chemically stored energy. Unfortunately this process is quite complex, needing lots of complex timing and chemistry along the way. When commenting how long it will take, one scientist commented "Ask me again in 10 years and I'll probably say another 10 years".2
I had a bio-chemist as my High School Biology teacher who attempted to get us to learn the process - even the bit that she tried to drill into our brains was complex enough. How does such a brilliant and complex process arise simply by chance? The obvious answer is - it can't!
From years of experience as a design engineer, I know how difficult it is to get even a simple system to work, let alone a complex one. There is a reason they came up with the second law of thermodynamics - it basically says that things tend to fall apart, and you don't have to be around the real world very long to see that in operation! Evolutionists seem to live in a theoretical world where the opposite is true, they think that somehow, given the right length of time, things that don't happen will. It defies common sense.
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1. Science's awesome challenge: Creating artificial life
2. Scientists seek to make energy as plants do